A nutritional assessment of needs is a vital element of INDIVIDUAL care planning-here are some notes from our nutrition module

 Nutritional Care Planning

General aims:

  •  Promoting health should always be the basis of any service provision
  •  Improvements to the fitness of a client

n  In general the amount of energy needed to be consumed reduces as a person gets older


n  This is a variable factor dependant on how physically active a client is


n  Non variable factors are the requirements for protein, vitamins and minerals V these requirements do not change as a person gets older


n  Meal sizes should not be affected by these non variable factors


Obesity greatly increases the risk of:


n  Diabetes


n  Joint disorders


n  Breathing difficulties


n  It also has an obvious affect on mobility




There should be no restriction on the input of fats if a client:

 Has suffered weight loss
 Has a very small appetite
 Is very feeble/weak  

Fibre V Cereals, Fruit & Vegetables         
 Important V overly large amounts of high fibre foods and raw bran can hinder nutritional absorption

Constipation/Bowel Problems


n  Cereals, fruit and vegetables

n  Eating these food types as part of a healthy balanced diet will help clients who have bowel or constipation problems



 Maintaining iron intakes can combat anaemia
 There are a number of other reasons why clients may be anaemic - poor nutrient absorption, the side effects of certain drugs etc



n  Daily sources of iron should be from red meat and non-meat sources

n  Non-meat sources include pulses, green leafy vegetables, fortified cereals and dried fruit


Pressure Ulcers




n  The intake of Zinc is vital for the maintenance of a healthy immune system and the bodys natural ability to heal wounds


Food sources rich in Zinc include:




Wholemeal bread



 The loss of calcium in bones increases considerably during the ageing process
 Consuming calcium rich products on a daily basis can help to slow down this process

 There is no requirement to drink lots of water if a correctly managed diet is being maintained
 A well-balanced diet will contain enough water (from foods and normal drinks)
 Water constitutes 80-90% of fruit and vegetables
 The amount of fluid each person actually requires is individual and will be based on their height and weight
 An approximate guide is around 2 litres per day


n  Taking in an appropriate amount of water each day will:

n  Aid digestion

n  Maintain effective urine flow

n  Stop dehydration

n  Keep hair and skin healthy

n  Maintain correct kidney function



Vitamin C

 Food and drink rich in Vitamin C will aid nutrient absorption
 Providing fresh fruit/fresh vegetables or a glass of fruit juice at each meal will maintain levels of Vitamin C

Vitamin D

 Vitamin D is naturally produced when the body is exposed to sunlight
 This important vitamin is required for healthy bones
 Clients in a care setting can be limited in the amount of sunlight they are exposed to
 The GP should be consulted before any supplements are considered


 Foods high in sugar and fat should ideally be reduced
 Other food types (e.g. bread, cereals, fruits and vegetables) should ideally be increased
 Achieving a healthy balance will help achieve safe weight loss whilst ensuring that adequate nutrients are being ingested



Keep fit for Life: Meeting the Nutritional Needs of Older Persons (World Health Organisation) 2002

Weil, A. (2007) - Healthy Aging: A Lifelong Guide to Your Well-Being. Anchor Books. Peterborough



Fane Ltd- Bespoke and Nationally recognised training in First Aid, Food Safety, Health and Safety, Moving and Handling First Aid Training, Food Safety (Hygiene) Paediatric First Aid, Health and Safety, Health and Social Care Courses in Durham, Newcastle,Sunderland,Tyne and Wear and Teesside, Middlesbrough, Stockton and Darlington Hartlepool Peterlee Newton Aycliffe Northumberland, Weardale including Food Safety Awareness Level 1 Food Safety in Catering level2 , Food Safety Level 3  Retail, Manufacturing Catering, HSE Compliant Emergency First Aid at Work,HSE Compliant First Aid at Work, Paediatric First Aid ( Babies and Children), Health and Safety Awareness Level 1 Health and Safety in The Workplace Level 2 Supervisory Health and Safety Level 3


Welcome to the website of FANE LTD ..supplier of high quality flexible training to over 400 Businesses, Schools, Colleges, Training Providers and Local Authorities Including Durham County Council for Food Hygiene (Safety) and First Aid(2nd) Newcastle City Council Neighbourhood Services for Food Hygiene and First Aid at Work, Gateshead MBC, Durham County Council, Sure Start County Durham and the Professional Bodyguard Association... Health and Safety, Food Safety , First Aid, Moving and Handling(objects or People) HSE Compliant First Aid at Work, Emergency First Aid at Work, Paediatric First Aid, First Aid For Babies and Children that meets Ofsted requirements,Training can be delivered on your site or ours at times to suit you...Check out our feedback on the testimonials page...There are still a few places left on our next open courses in Derwentside- call now for details- LATEST NEWS... We deliver bespoke Health and Social Care Training including Safe Handling of Medicines, Infection Control, Principles of Care, Care Skills , Abuse and Neglect, POVA, Dementia Care. We specialise in supporting those furthest from the labour market in achieving nationally recognised qualifications and into jobs in the Care sector. We deliver in Durham, Newcastle, Wear Valley. Gateshead, Darlington, Hartlepool, Sunderland, North Tyneside, Northumberland, South Tyneside, Peterlee, Middlesbrough, Stockton, Cleveland, Sedgefield, Consett, Stanley, Blaydon.. South Shields, Food Safety(Hygiene), Health and Safety, First Aid and Moving and handling Training can be tailored to your specific business need.
  Site Map